Washington University in St. Louis
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About the Tyson Research Center

Birds

Birds of Tyson Research Center and Vicinity
(Revised April, 2004)

CATALOGING BY EUGINIA LARSON AND RICHARD W. COLES, OF WEBSTER GROVES NATURE STUDY SOCIETY

Nomenclature per: The Sibley Guide to Birds, David Allen Sibley, 2000.

KEY: A = Abundant (common species, very numerous)
C = Common (likely to be seen in suitable habitat)
U = Uncommon (present but not certain to be seen)
O = Occasional (seen only a few times during season)
R = Rare (seen only at intervals of 1 - 5 years)
X = Accidental (seen only 1 - 2 times)
P = Probable nesting species
S = Sporadic (Seen even commonly in occasional years)

Spring = March, April, and May
Summer = June, July, and August
Fall = Sept., Oct., and November
Winter = Dec., Jan., and February

* = as an overflight
** = seen along Meramec River on Chubb Trail outside Tyson's northern fence, or at Forest 44 across from Tyson gate.
+ = of declining numbers
++ = introduced or reintroduced -- NOT native



SPECIES: COMMON NAME: OCCURRENCE: BREEDS:
    Spr: Sum: Fall: Win:  
Podilymbus podiceps Pied-billed Grebe U   U U  
Phalacrocorax auritus Double-crested Cormonrant X   X    
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos White Pelican (10/16/82) * R   R    
Ardea herodias Great Blue Heron U U U   yes
Ardea albus Great Egret (11/3/82) R   R    
Butorides virescens Green Heron U U U   yes
Egretta caerulea Little Blue Heron   U      
Nyctanassa violacea Yellow-crowned Night Heron **   U      
Branta canadensis Canada Goose C C C C yes
Chen caerulescens Snow Goose * O   O    
Anas discors Blue-winged Teal (7/12/82, R.R. Pond) U   U    
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard C C C   yes
Anas rubripes American Black Duck R     R  
Aix sponsa Wood Duck C C C   yes
Mergus merganser Common Merganser *     X X  
Lophodytes cucullatus Hooded Merganser (3/11/89, Mer. R. slough) ** X        
Cathartes aura Turkey Vulture C C C   yes
Ictinia mississippiensis Mississiippi Kite C C     yes
Accipiter striatus Sharp-shinned Hawk U U U U yes
Accipiter cooperii Cooper's Hawk U U U U yes
Accipiter gentilis Northern Goshawk (10/16/82) *     R,S R,S  
Buteo jamaicensis Red-tailed Hawk C C C C yes
Buteo lineatus - photo Red-shouldered Hawk C C U U yes
Buteo lagopus Rough Legged Hawk (Forest 44) **       X  
Buteo platypterus Broad-winged Hawk C C C   yes
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle (11/2/82) *     R R  
Haliaeetus leucocephalus Bald Eagle * O   O U  
Circus cyaneus Northern Harrier (Marsh Hawk) * U X U U  
Pandion haliaetus Osprey * also ** (along Meramec) U   U    
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon *     R    
Falco sparverius American Kestrel + C C C C yes
Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite + U U U U yes
Meleagris gallopavo Wild Turkey ++ A A A A yes
Rallus limicola Virginia Rail X   X    
Porzana carolina Sora O   O    
Charadrius vociferus Killdeer U U U O yes
Scolopax minor American Woodcock C U U U yes
Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe U   U U yes
Actitis macularia Spotted Sandpiper U U U   yes
Tringa solitaria Solitary Sandpiper U   U    
Larus delawarensis Ring-billed Gull O   O O  
Sterna caspia Caspian Tern (9/23/80) *     X    
Columba livia Rock Dove ++ C C C C yes
Zenaida macroura Mourning Dove C C C C yes
Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo C C C   yes
Coccyzus erythropthalmus Black-billed Cuckoo U U U   yes
Otus asio Eastern Screech Owl U U U U yes
Bubo virginianus Great Horned Owl C C C C yes
Strix varia - photo Barred Owl C C C C yes
Caprimulgus carolinensis Chuck-will's Widow U U     yes
Caprimulgus vociferus Whip-poor-will C C U   yes
Chordeiles minor Common Nighthawk C C C    
Chaetura pelagica Chimney Swift C C C   yes
Archilochus colubris Ruby-throated Hummingbird C C C   yes
Ceryle alcyon Belted Kingfisher C C C U yes
Colaptes auratus Northern Flicker (Yellow-shafted) C C C C yes
Dryocopus pileatus Pileated Woodpecker C C C C yes
Melanerpes carolinus Red-bellied Woodpecker A A A A yes
Melanerpes erythrocephalus Red-headed Woodpecker A C A A yes
Sphyrapicus varius Yellow-bellied Sapsucker U O U U  
Picoides pubescens Downy Woodpecker A A A A yes
Picoides villosus - photo Hairy Woodpecker C C C C yes
Tyrannus tyrannus Eastern Kingbird U C U   yes
Myiarchus crinitus Great Crested Flycatcher U C U   yes
Sayornis phoebe Eastern Phoebe C C C O yes
Empidonax flaviventris Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (9/21/80) O   O    
Empidonax virescens Acadian Flycatcher U U U   yes
Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher U   U    
Empidonax traillii Willow Flycatcher ** O O      
Empidonax alnorum Alder Flycatcher U        
Contopus virens Eastern Wood-Pewee C C C   yes
Contopus cooperi Olive-sided Flycatcher U   U    
Lanius ludovicianus Loggerhead Shrike U O O U yes
Vireo olivaceus Red-eyed Viero C C C   yes
Vireo gilvus Warbling Vireo C C U   yes
Vireo philadelphicus Philadelphia Vireo U   O    
Vireo griseus White-eyed Vireo C C U   yes
Vireo flavifrons Yellow-throated Vireo C C U   yes
Vireo solitarius Blue-headed Vireo U   U    
Cyanocitta cristata Blue Jay A A A A yes
Corvus brachyrhynchos American Crow A A A A yes
Corvus ossifragus Fish Crow ** C C C U yes
Eremophila alpestris Horned Lark       U  
Progne subis Purple Martin C C C    
Stelgidopteryx serripennis Northern Rough-winged Swallow C C C    
Riparia riparia Bank Swallow U U U   yes
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Cliff Swallow U U U   yes
Tachycineta bicolor Tree Swallow U U U    
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow C C C   yes
Baeolophus bicolor - photo Tufted Titmouse A A A A yes
Poecile atricapilla - photo Black-capped Chickadee (probably hybridize) U U U C yes
Poecile carolinensis Carolina Chickadee (probably hybridize) A A A A yes
Sitta canadensis Red-breasted Nuthatch O   O O  
Sitta carolinensis - photo White-breasted Nuthatch A A A A yes
Certhia americana Brown Creeper     O U  
Thryothorus ludovicianus Carolina Wren C C C C yes
Thryomanes bewickii Bewick's Wren U U U   yes
Troglodytes aedon House Wren U C U   yes
Troglodytes troglodytes Winter Wren U   U U  
Regulus satrapa Golden-crowned Kinglet C R C U  
Regulus calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet C R C R  
Polioptila caerulea Blue-gray Gnatcatcher A A C   yes
Sialia sialis - photo Eastern Bluebird C C C U yes
Turdus migratorius American Robin A A A A yes
Hylocichla mustelina Wood Thrush U C U   yes
Catharus fuscescens Veery O   O    
Catharus ustulatus Swainson's Thrush C   U    
Catharus minimus Gray-cheeked Thrush C     C  
Catharus guttatus Hermit Thrush U   U O  
Dumetella carolinensis Gray Catbird C C C   yes
Mimus polyglottos Northern Mockingbird C C C U yes
Toxostoma rufum Brown Thrasher A A A R yes
Sturnus vulgaris European Starling ++ C C C C yes
Bombycilla cedrorum Cedar Waxwing C O C C yes
Parula americana Northern Parula C C U   yes
Vermivora celata Orange-crowned Warbler U   U    
Vermivora peregrina Tennessee Warbler C   C    
Vermivora pinus Blue-winged Warbler C C O   yes
Vermivora chrysoptera Golden-winged Warbler C   C    
Vermivora ruficapilla Nashville Warbler C   U    
Dendroica petechia Yellow Warbler U C O    
Dendroica pensylvanica Chestnut-sided Warbler C   C    
Dendroica magnolia Magnolia Warbler C   C    
Dendroica tigrina Cape May Warbler O   O    
Dendroica caerulescens Black-throated Blue Warbler R   R    
Dendroica cerulea Cerulean Warbler C C O   yes
Dendroica fusca Blackburnian Warbler U   U    
Dendroica coronata Yellow-rumped Warbler C   C U  
Dendroica virens Black-throated Green Warbler C   C    
Dendroica discolor Prairie Warbler O R O   yes
Dendroica palmarum Palm Warbler C   C    
Dendroica castanea Bay-breasted Warbler U   U    
Dendroica striata Blackpoll Warbler C   C    
Dendroica dominica Yellow-throated Warbler C U U   yes
Helmitheros vermivora Worm-eating Warbler C C O   yes
Protonotaria citrea Prothonotary Warbler ** C C     yes
Mniotilta varia Black-and-white Warbler C O C   yes
Setophaga ruticilla American Redstart C U C   yes
Seiurus aurocapillus Ovenbird C C C   yes
Seiurus noveboracensis Northern Waterthrush C   C    
Seiurus motacilla Louisiana Waterthrush C U C   yes
Oporornis formosus Kentucky Warbler C U O   yes
Oporornis agilis Connecticut Warbler X        
Oporornis philadelphia Mourning Warbler R   R    
Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat C C U   yes
Wilsonia pusilla Wilson's Warbler U   U    
Wilsonia canadensis Canada Warbler U   U    
Icteria virens Yellow Breasted Chat U C O   yes
Piranga rubra Summer Tanager C C O   yes
Piranga olivacea Scarlet Tanager C C O   yes
Cardinalis cardinalis Northern Cardinal C C C C yes
Pheucticus ludovicianus Rose-breasted Grosbeak C C U   yes
Guiraca caerulea Blue Grosbeak (most often at entrance) U U U    
Passerina cyanea Indigo Bunting C C C   yes
Spiza americana Dickcissel ** U C C   yes
Pipilo erythrophthalmus Eastern Towhee C C C O yes
Spizella arborea American Tree Sparrow U   U U  
Spizella pusilla Field Sparrow C C C U yes
Spizella passerina Chipping Sparrow C C U   yes
Ammodramus savannarum Grasshopper Sparrow ** U U U    
Passerculus sandwichensis Savannah Sparrow U U U U  
Pooecetes gramineus Vesper Sparrow U   U    
Chondestes grammacus Lark Sparrow ** R R R    
Zonotrichia albicollis White-throated Sparrow C   C C  
Zonotrichia leucophrys White-crowned Sparrow C   C C  
Passerella iliaca Fox Sparrow U U U U  
Melospiza melodia Song Sparrow C C C C yes
Melospiza lincolnii Lincoln's Sparrow U   U    
Junco hyemalis Dark-eyed Junco (Slate-colored and Oregon) U   C C  
Sturnella magna Eastern Meadowlark C C C U yes
Dolichonyx oryzivorus Bobolink ** U        
Molothrus ater Brown-headed Cowbird C C C O yes
Agelaius phoeniceus Red-winged Blackbird C C A U yes
Euphagus carolinus Rusty Blackbird (photo blind) U   U U  
Quiscalus quiscula Common Grackle C C A C yes
Icterus galbula Baltimore Oriole C C U   yes
Icterus spurius Orchard Oriole C C U   yes
Coccothraustes vespertinus Evening Grosbeak       O, S  
Carpodacus purpureus Purple Finch S S S    
Carpodacus mexicanus House Finch (3/89, photo blind; #s increasing) U U U C  
Carduelis flammea Common Redpoll (2 / 5 - 8 / 82)       R  
Carduelis pinus Pine Siskin       S  
Carduelis tristis American Goldfinch C C C C yes
Passer domesticus House Sparrow ++ C C C C yes
Passer montanus Eurasian Tree Sparrow (4/1/78) ++ X        
.....................................
phone: (314)-935-8430
fax: (314)-935-8433
6750 Tyson Valley Road
Eureka MO 63025